Institute for Communication Technologies and Embedded Systems

SALDR: Joint Self-Attention Learning and Dense Refine for Massive MIMO CSI Feedback With Multiple Compression Ratio

Authors:
Song, X. ,  Wang, J. ,  Wang, J. ,  Gui, G. ,  Ohtsuki, T. ,  Gacanin, H. ,  Sari, H.
Journal:
IEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Volume:
9
Page(s):
1899-1903
Date:
Jun. 2021
DOI:
10.1109/LWC.2021.3085317
hsb:
RWTH-2021-09889
Language:
English
Abstract:
The advantages of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques depend heavily on the accuracy of channel state information (CSI). In frequency division duplexing (FDD) massive MIMO systems, the user equipment (UE) needs to feed downlink CSI back to the base station (BS) through the feedback link. The excessive feedback overheads and low reconstruction accuracy are the main obstacles for actual deployment of FDD massive MIMO systems. In recent years, deep learning (DL) has been widely used to address the above problems. In this letter, we propose a neural network by utilizing the self-attention learning and dense refine (SALDR), which improves the accuracy of CSI feedback. Furthermore, a unified decoder named SALDR-U is designed to realize different compression ratios for CSI feedback without changing any parameter. Simulation results show that the proposed SALDR and SALDR-U outperform the state-of-the-art network in terms of accuracy and overhead of CSI feedback. The source code for all the experiments is available at GitHub.The code of this letter can be downloaded from GitHub link: https://github.com/XS96/SALDR .
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