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Distributed Learning for Automatic Modulation Classification in Edge Devices

Wang, Y. ,  Guo, L. ,  Yang, J. ,  Abedisi, B. ,  Gacanin, H. ,  Gui, G.
IEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Aug. 2020


Automatic modulation classification (AMC) is a typical technology for identifying different modulation types, which has been widely applied into various scenarios. Recently, deep learning (DL), one of the most advanced classification algorithms, has been applied into AMC. However, these previously proposed AMC methods are centralized in nature, i.e., all training data must be collected together to train the same neural network. In addition, they are generally based on powerful computing devices and may not be suitable for edge devices. Thus, a distributed learning-based AMC (DistAMC) method is proposed, which relies on the cooperation of multiple edge devices and model averaging (MA) algorithm. When compared with the centralized AMC (CentAMC), there are two advantages of the DistAMC: the higher training efficiency and the lower computing overhead, which are very consistent with the characteristics of edge devices. Simulation results show that there are slight performance gap between the DistAMC and the CentAMC, and they also have similar convergence speed, but the consumed training time per epoch in the former method will be shorter than that on the latter method, if the low latency and the high bandwidth are considered in model transmission process of the DistAMC. Moreover, the DistAMC can combine the computing power of multiple edge devices to reduce the computing overhead of a single edge device in the CentAMC