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Coding-aware Link Energy Estimation for 2D and 3D Networks-on-Chip with Virtual Channels

Bamberg, L. ,  Joseph, J. M. ,  Schmidt, R. ,  Pionteck, T. ,  García-Ortiz, A.
Book Title:
28th International Symposium on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation (PATMOS)
p.p. 222-228


Network-on-chip (NoC) is the most promising design paradigm for the interconnect architecture of a multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC). On the downside, a NoC has a significant impact on the overall energy consumption of the system. This work presents the first technique to precisely estimate the data dependent link energy consumption in NoCs with virtual channels. Our model works at a high level of abstraction, making it feasible to estimate the energy requirements at an early design stage. Additionally, it enables the fast evaluation and early exploration of low-power coding techniques. The presented model is applicable for 2D as well as 3D NoCs. A case study for an image processing application shows that the current link model leads to an underestimate of the link energy consumption by up to a factor of four. In contrast, the technique presented in this paper estimates the energy quantities precisely (error below 1%).