Publication: A framework for post-silicon realization of arbitrary instruction extensions on reconfigurable data-paths. 

Authors:
Das, S. ,  Madhu, K. ,  Krishna C, M. ,  Sivanandan, N. ,  Merchant, F. ,  Biswas, I. ,  Pulli, A. ,  Nandy, S. K. ,  Narayan, R.
Journal:
Journal of Systems Architecture - Embedded Systems Design
Volume:
60
Page(s):
592--614
number:
7
Date:
2014
DOI:
10.1016/j.sysarc.2014.06.002
Language:
English

Abstract

In this paper we present a framework for realizing arbitrary instruction set extensions (IE) that are identified post-silicon. The proposed framework has two components viz., an IE synthesis methodology and the architecture of a reconfigurable data-path for realization of the such IEs. The IE synthesis methodology ensures maximal utilization of resources on the reconfigurable data-path. In this context we present the techniques used to realize IEs for applications that demand high throughput or those that must process data streams. The reconfigurable hardware called HyperCell comprises a reconfigurable execution fabric. The fabric is a collection of interconnected compute units. A typical use case of HyperCell is where it acts as a co-processor with a host and accelerates execution of IEs that are defined post-silicon. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by evaluating the performance of some well-known integer kernels that are realized as IEs on HyperCell. Our methodology for realizing IEs through HyperCells permits overlapping of potentially all memory transactions with computations. We show significant improvement in performance for streaming applications over general purpose processor based solutions, by fully pipelining the data-path.

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