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Dual-Polarized Ricean MIMO Channels: Modeling and Performance Assessment

Authors:
Ispas, A. ,  Gong, X. ,  Schneider, C. ,  Ascheid, G. ,  Thomä, R.
Journal:
IEEE Trans. Commun.
Volume:
61
Page(s):
4218-4231
number:
10
Date:
Oct. 2013
ISSN:
0090-6778
DOI:
10.1109/TCOMM.2013.082813.120976
Language:
English

Abstract

In wireless communication systems, dual-polarized (DP) instead of single-polarized (SP) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission is used to improve the spectral efficiency under certain conditions on the channel and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In order to identify these conditions, we first propose a novel channel model for DP mobile Ricean MIMO channels for which statistical channel parameters are readily obtained from a moment-based channel decomposition. Second, we derive an approximation of the mutual information (MI), which can be expressed as a function of those statistical channel parameters. Based on this approximation, we characterize the required SNR for a DP MIMO system to outperform an SP MIMO system in terms of the MI. Finally, we apply our results to channel measurements at 2.53 GHz. We find that, using the proposed channel decomposition and the approximation of the MI, we are able to reproduce the SNR values above which DP MIMO systems outperform SP MIMO systems.

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