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Impact of Polarization on the Achievable Rate of MIMO Systems with Linear Receivers

Ispas, A. ,  Sun, C. ,  Schneider, C. ,  Gong, X. ,  Ascheid, G. ,  Thomä, R.
Book Title:
Proc. 23rd IEEE Int. Symp. Personal, Indoor, Mobile Radio Commun. (PIMRC)
Sydney, Australia
Sep. 2012


The extension of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems to the polarization domain is known to have potential benefits in terms of the spectral efficiency. It is thus of importance to understand how the channel influences the spectral efficiency, e.g., when a dual-polarized (DP) antenna setup should be favored over a single-polarized (SP) one. In this work, we study the achievable rate, i.e., the sum mutual information (MI) of all transmitted streams, over DP MIMO channels with linear receivers. We derive an approximation of the sum MI with a linear minimum mean squared error (LMMSE) or a zero forcing receiver which is an explicit function of statistical channel parameters. The evaluations of selected 4x4 SP and DP MIMO setups are based on channel measurements performed at 2.53 GHz in an urban macrocell scenario. The results reveal that DP antenna setups can yield substantial gains in the sum MI on links with high K-factors and high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Moreover, the degradation in the sum MI with two streams due to the use of an LMMSE receiver is found to be small, especially for the DP antenna setup. The approximate evaluation of the sum MI is able to reproduce the SNR threshold region in which a second transmitted stream should be activated or one should switch from an SP to a DP antenna setup.



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