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Modeling and Performance Evaluation for Mobile Ricean MIMO Channels

Ispas, A. ,  Hoelscher, J. ,  Gong, X. ,  Schneider, C. ,  Ascheid, G. ,  Thomä, R.
Book Title:
Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC)
Ottawa, Canada
Jun. 2012


We propose a general channel model for mobile Ricean multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels, which is characterized by parameters that are readily obtainable from measurements. To this end, a moment-based channel decomposition is derived. For the case of statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter (TX) and instantaneous CSI at the receiver, we derive an approximation of the achievable rate, i.e., the mutual information (MI), which is only a function of the channel parameters of the proposed channel model and thus gives insight into the parameters that influence the MI. Finally, we evaluate the MI for a 4x4 MIMO system based on channel measurements at 2.53 GHz for two low-complexity TX strategies, i.e., a beamforming (BF) and a spatial multiplexing (SM) strategy. We find that the proposed channel model and the approximate evaluation of the MI are both accurate for realistic signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) values. The approximate evaluation is able to reproduce crossing points between the MI of the considered TX strategies; it thus reflects the SNR at which one should switch from the BF to the SM strategy.



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